Autism, also known as Autism spectrum disorder is a condition wherein the primary symptom is impairment in social interaction and communication. The symptoms differ from person to person from mild to severe. Many a times, these symptoms of Adult Autism include other medical conditions also. The genetics of autism has been extensively researched, however no conclusive evidence is present in identifying any specific genes responsible for autism in isolation. The condition is rarely understood by general population and goes undetected during childhood unless the parent or the pediatrician is aware of the peculiarities observed. Rating scales and behavioral assessments along with clinical interview are used to diagnose the autism spectrum conditions. Early identification and intervention are more helpful. With a proper treatment for autism at an early age the person can lead an almost normal life.
People who come in contact with person with autism need to show sensitivity towards the condition and be compassionate to accommodate the difficulty in social interactions. It is generally recommended to maintain same behavioral therapist with whom a person with autism may experience resemblance of familiarity and association. A careful choice of selection of occupational environment with supporting supervision based on the nature of difficulties can help in reducing unpleasant situations and increase avenues of social interaction. Some persons with Autism may show a significant talent in some areas of functioning such as ability to remember things, drawing, visualization, etc. An excellent example of this is Temple Grandin who not only learnt to live her life with Autistic Services issues but also devised logistic arrangement to show humane treatment of slaughter house animals.